Points To Remember

  1. Your Parent class should be annotated with @MappedSuperclass.
  2. Follow the Tutorial : How to handle Inheritence with Entities to know how to wrap common properties of entities to a base class.
  3. To override any property you must
    a. Apply the @AttributeOverride annotation on the class that need to override the property
    b. set name property of @AttributeOverride as the name of the field in super class.
    c. set the column property of @AttributeOverride to override the column definition of the attribute.

Let's say our Base class looks as follows

package com.ekiras.domain.base;

import javax.persistence.*;
import java.util.Date;

* @author ekiras

public abstract class BaseDomain {

@GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.AUTO)
protected long id;

protected Date dateCreated;

protected Date lastUpdated;

public String toString() {
return "BaseDomain{" +
"id=" + id +
", dateCreated=" + dateCreated +
", lastUpdated=" + lastUpdated +
// getters and setters

We can override the id field of the BaseDomain class in inheriting class as follows

package com.ekiras.domain;

import com.ekiras.domain.base.BaseDomain;

import javax.persistence.AttributeOverride;
import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;

* @author ekiras

@AttributeOverride(name = "id",column = @Column(name = "userId"))
public class User extends BaseDomain{

private String email;
private String name;
private String password;

// getters and setters

As shown in the code above we have used @AttributeOverride

@AttributeOverride(name = "id",column = @Column(name = "userId"))

Here, name= "id" states that we are going to override the mapping for the id field of the super class. column = @Column(name = "userId") states the new configuration of the id defined in the super class. Here we simple change the name of the column for table user defined by class User.

This will create the table user as shown below.

mysql> show tables;
| Tables_in_jpa_mapping |
| user |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql> desc user;
| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
| user_id | bigint(20) | NO | PRI | NULL | auto_increment |
| date_created | datetime | YES | | NULL | |
| last_updated | datetime | YES | | NULL | |
| email | varchar(255) | YES | | NULL | |
| name | varchar(255) | YES | | NULL | |
| password | varchar(255) | YES | | NULL | |
6 rows in set (0.00 sec)


May be applied to an entity that extends a mapped superclass or to an embedded field or
property to override a basic mapping or id mapping defined by the mapped superclass or embeddable class (or embeddable class of one of its attributes).

May be applied to an element collection containing instances of an embeddable class or to a map collection whose key and/or value is an embeddable class. When AttributeOverride is applied to a map, "key." or "value." must be used to prefix the name of the attribute that is being overridden in order to specify it as part of the map key or map value.

To override mappings at multiple levels of embedding, a dot (".") notation form must be used in the name element to indicate an attribute within an embedded attribute. The value of each identifier used with the dot notation is the name of the respective embedded field or property.

Also Read

  1. How to handle inheritance with Entities